The top notes are pure attention seekers; drawing you in and holding your initial attraction to a scent. Consisting of light molecules, they evaporate quickly on the skin but are designed to smoothly transition into the heart of the fragrance. Typical notes include lemon, bergamot, grapefruit and orange.
Heart notes make up the main body of a fragrance and are most noticeable after the top notes have evaporated. Generally pleasant and well-rounded, they are commonly made from full bodied floral or fruity notes, sometimes with a touch of spice. Typical notes include jasmine, neroli and rose as well as cinnamon, pepper and lemongrass.
Appearing once the heart notes have started to evaporate, the base notes are made up of heavy molecules which linger on the skin for hours and create a deep and lasting impression of a fragrance. Typical notes include vanilla, amber, musk and patchouli.
An accord is a combination of all the notes in varying quantities – a bit like a painter mixing colours in a palette or a musician playing notes together to make a chord.
Strengths of Perfumes in the industry
What is the difference between perfume, EDT, EDP and EDC? Well, these terms have to do with the distribution of fragrances, alcohol and water. Perfume Concentrate has the highest concentration of fragrances, between 15-40 percent. Following closely, in descending order is Eau de Parfum (EDP), Eau de Toilette (EDT) and Eau de Cologne (EDC). The higher the concentration, the longer the scent remains on the skin. Eau de Parfum (EDP) contains about 15 percent of fragrances and stays for approximately eight hours while Eau de Toilette contains about ten percent of fragrance and remains for about five hours on the skin. These factors contribute to their overall price differences. But do not forget that your choice of fragrance and your skin's pH value plays a decisive role in how long a fragrance remains.